[Home ] [Archive]    
:: Main :: About :: Current Issue :: Archive :: Search :: Submit :: Contact ::
Main Menu
Journal Information::
Indexing and Abstracting::
Articles archive::
For Authors::
For Reviewers::
Contact us::
Site Facilities::
Publication Ethics::
Articles in Press::
Search in website

Advanced Search
Receive site information
Enter your Email in the following box to receive the site news and information.
:: Volume 3, Issue 2 (11-2023) ::
injoere 2023, 3(2): 99-108 Back to browse issues page
Comparative Study of Hormonal Stimulation of HCG, PG-extract and Ovaprim on Thermal Accumulation Period and Egg Production in Grass Carp Ctenopharyngodon idella
N.A. Salman * , S.S. Al-Noor , K.A. Khalaf
Abstract:   (388 Views)
Three types of hormonal stimulation were tried using HCG, PG extract and Ovaprim to induce egg production and accelerate thermal accumulation period (TAP). Results showed that there is a direct relationship between the type of hormones and TAP. Fish receiving PG-extract had the shortest TAP which was significantly different than those receiving HCG and Ovaprim treatments. Values ranged between 258.97, 344.67 and 322.78 (C ْ-hour) in fish injected with PG extract, HCG and Ovaprim respectively. Results also showed noticeable variation in egg production in fish receiving various hormones with clear superiority for fish injected with PG-extract compared with those receiving HCG and Ovaprim. The lowest weight of extracted eggs (7.3 g/kg) was in fish injected with HCG and the highest (139.7 g/kg) in fish receiving the PG hormonal extract.
Keywords: Grass carp, Hormonal-induced spawning, Egg production, Thermal accumulation period.
Full-Text [PDF 596 kb]   (192 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Pollution
Received: 2023/06/6 | Accepted: 2023/11/1 | Published: 2023/11/1
1. Al-Mukhtar, M.A., Al-Noor, S.S., Fadagh, M.S. and Abdulkareem, T., 2004. First study on the use of ovaprim for the induced spawning of common carp (Cyprinus carpio) in Basrah-Iraq. Iraqi Joruanl of Aquaculture, 2(1), 107-116.
2. Brzuska, E., 1999. Artificial spawning of herbivorous fish. Use of an LHRH-a to induce ovulation in grass carp Ctenopharyngodon Idella (Valenciennes) and silver carp Hypophtalmichthys molitrix (Valenciennes). Aquatic Research, 30, 849-856.
3. Chilton, E.A. and Muoneke, M.I., 1992. Biology and management of grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon Idella , Cyprinidae) for vegetation control. A North American perspective- Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries, 2, 283-320.
4. Dhawan, A. and Kaur, K., 2004. Comparative efficacy of ovaprim and ovatid in carp breeding. Indian Journal of Fisheries, 51(2), 227-228.
5. Dhillon RS and Fox, M.G., 2007. Growth-independent effects of a fluctuating thermal regime on the life-history traits of the Japanese medaka (Oryzias latipes). Ecology of Freshwater Fish, 16, 425–431.
6. Dorafshan, S., Mostafavi, H. and Amiri, B.M., 2003. Induction of spawning in common carp Cyprinus carpio, using pituitary extract and GNRH analogue in combination with Domperidone. Iranian Journal of Biotechnology, 1, 4, 213-217.
7. Embke, H.S., Kocovsky, P.M., Richter, C.A.Pritt, J.J., Mayer, C. M. and Qian, S.S. , 2016. First direct confirmation of grass carp spawning in a Great Lake tributary. Journal of Great Lake Research, 42 (4) 899-903. Doi.org/10.1016/j.jglr.2016.05.002.
8. Horuath, L., 1986. Carp oogenesis and the environment. Pages 109-117 in Billard R., and J. Marcel Editors. Aquaculture of Cyprinids. INRA. Paris
9. Metwally , M.A.A. and Fouad, I.M., 2008. Some biochemical changes associated with the injection of grass carp Ctenopharyngodon Idellus with Oviaprim and Pregnyl for induction of artificial spawning. Global Veterinaria, 2(6), 320-326.
10. Naeem, M., Uberi, A., Salam, A., Ashraf, M., Elahi, N., Ali, M., Ishtiaq, A., Malik, T., Khan, M.G., Ayaz, M.M., Iqbal, M.J. and Ahmad, B., 2011. Induced spawning, fecundity, fertilization rate and hatching rate of grass carp Ctenopharyngodon Idella by using a single intramuscular injection of ovaprim-C at a fish hatchery Faisalabad, Pakistan. African Journal of Biotechnology, 10, 11048-11053.
11. Nandeesha, S.K., Nathamel, D.E. and Varghese, T.J., 1990. Breeding of carps with ovaprime in India. The Asian Fisheries Society, Indian branch. 41P.
12. Opuszyhski, K. and Shireman , J.V., 1995. Herbivorous Fishing culture and use for weed management CRC press, Ann Arbor, Michigan. 223P.
13. Pankhurst, N.W.G., Purser, J., Van Der Kraak, G., Thomas. P.M. and Forteath. G.N.R., 1996. Effect of holding temperature on ovulation, egg fertility, plasma levels of reproductive hormones and in vitro ovarian steroidogenesis in the rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss. Aquaculture, 146, 3-4, 277-290.
14. Peter, R.E., Lin, H.R. and Van der Kraak, G., 1988. Induced ovulation and spawning of cultured freshwater fish in China: advances in application of GnRH analogues and dopamine antagonists. Aquaculture, 74, 1-10.
15. Rashid, M, Balkhi, M.H., Naoko, G.Ah. and Ahmad, T. 2014. Induced breeding of grass carp (Ctenopharyngdon idella) and silver carp (Hypophthalmichthys molitrix) using Ovatide as synthetic hormone at National FishSeed Farm (Nfsf) Manasbal, Kashmir, J & K. Fisheries and Aquaculture Journal ,5(4), 110.
16. Rothbard, S. and Yaron, Z., 1995. Carps (Cyprinidae) pp. 321-352 in Bromage, N.R.and J.R. Roberts, Editors. Broodstock Management and Egg and Larval Quality. Blackwell Science, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA.
17. Secor, D. and Houde, E., 1995. Temperature effects on the timing of striped bass egg production, larval viability, and recruitment potential in the Patuxent River (Chesapeake Bay). Estuaries and Coasts, 18, 3, pp. 527-544.
18. Szabo, T., Urbanyi, B., Muller, T., Szabo, R. and Horvath, L., 2019. Assessment of imduced breeding of major Chinese carpat a large-scale hatchery in Hungary. Aquaculture Reports, 14, 100193.
19. Zonneveld, N., 1983. The spawning of season and the relation between temperature and stripping time of grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella val.) in Egypt. Bamidgeh, 36, 21.
Add your comments about this article
Your username or Email:


XML     Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Salman N, Al-Noor S, Khalaf K. Comparative Study of Hormonal Stimulation of HCG, PG-extract and Ovaprim on Thermal Accumulation Period and Egg Production in Grass Carp Ctenopharyngodon idella. injoere 2023; 3 (2) :99-108
URL: http://injoere.com/article-1-79-en.html

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons LicenseThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons attributions (CC-BY).
Volume 3, Issue 2 (11-2023) Back to browse issues page
International Journal of Aquatic Research and Environmental Studies
Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.05 seconds with 37 queries by YEKTAWEB 4624